Salvinia molesta

Salvinia

Also known as:

Kariba weed

Family: Salviniaceae

Origin: South America

Regional Pest Management Plan (RPMP) status

  • National Pest Plant Accord Species
  • Notifiable organism

View more about the RPMP statuses

General description

Perennial free-floating, mat-forming aquatic fern. Stems are branched and hairy. Submerged leaves are finely dissected, root-like and often bear spores. Emergent leaves are either juvenile, small and well-spaced, or mature, < 4 x 5 cm, crowded and folded about the midrib, with eggbeater-shaped hairs on the upper surface.

What you need to know

To help protect our environment:

  • You must not breed, distribute, release or sell salvinia. As salvinia is a National Pest Plant Accord species, these restrictions apply within the Auckland region and across the whole of New Zealand.

If you see salvinia anywhere, you must report it to the Ministry of Primary Industries on 0800 80 99 66.

Habitats

Disturbed sites, lakes, rivers, streams, ditches, wetlands, reservoirs.

Dispersal

Vegetative spread from plantlets and fragments, dispersed by water, wind, waterfowl and other animals. Human-mediated dispersal through deliberate releases and movement of contaminated boats, aquatic plants and fish.

Impact on environment

Forms extensive mats, outcompeting and displacing native vegetation. Reduces water quality, clogs waterways and creates a drowning risk for humans and animals.

Control

Recommended approaches

Do not attempt to undertake control of this species. The Ministry of Primary Industries will carry out the control of this species.

Mature salvinia leaves covering a waterway
Covers water surfaces blocking light to native species. Because Salvinia grows so quickly it can block out light to plants that grow on the bottom of a pond.
Partially submerged leaves in pond water
A free-floating fern that forms a mat of clustered leaves. Leaves float above the surface of ponds and lakes.
Tiny leaves of salvinia in a container of soil.
Incredible growth rate, doubling in size in as little as 8 days. Spreads by breaking up during water movement sending fragments into other areas.
Photo credit: Holly Cox