Ligustrum lucidum

Tree privet

Family: Oleaceae

Origin: China

Tree Privet leaves with flowers.
An evergreen tree growing up to 10m tall. Tree privet is a very hardy plant that can grow in most conditions.
Photo credit: Jonathan Boow

Regional Pest Management Plan (RPMP) status

  • Aotea — Eradication
  • Parkland with Significant Ecological Areas — Site-led
  • Whole region — Sustained control
  • National Pest Plant Accord Species
  • Waitākere Ranges Heritage Area priority status

View more about the RPMP statuses

General description

Medium sized evergreen tree < 10 m tall. Flowers are fragrant, tubular, white with purple/mauve anthers and borne in spring – summer. Fruit is purple/black and ripens in autumn.

What you need to know

To help protect our environment:

  • You must not breed, distribute, release or sell tree privet. As tree privet is a National Pest Plant Accord species, these restrictions apply within the Auckland region and across the whole of New Zealand.
  • You must not plant tree privet within the Auckland region, unless you are transferring an existing plant on your land to another location within the boundaries of the same property.
  • You must destroy any tree privet on land that you occupy if it has been planted in breach of the above rules and you are directed to do so by an authorised person.

Habitats

Hedgerows, lowland and coastal forest, shrubland, disturbed sites, roadsides, wastelands, wetlands.

Dispersal

Seeds dispersed by birds.

Impact on environment

Forms dense stands, displacing native vegetation and preventing native seedling recruitment. Dominates the canopy layer, altering vegetation structure and plant diversity. May cause an allergic reaction in some people, often as a cross-reactivity to main allergens.

Control

Site Management

Follow up treated areas 3 times per year. Crown lift (cut off lower branches) to allow understory plants to establish or to underplant prior to controlling large trees.

Recommended approaches

Physical control

Method: Dig out.

Plant parts requiring disposal: Seeds.

Disposal options: Remove to greenwaste or landfill if practical.

Biocontrol

Biocontrol is currently not available for this species.

Community agrichemical control recommendations

No qualifications: Cut stump and paste freshly cut base of stems with metsulfuron gel or ringbark stem and paste with metsulfuron gel.

Basic Growsafe certified: Cut stump and spray freshly cut base with 5g metsulfuron-methyl per 1 L of water.

Certified Handler/Experienced agrichemical user: Drill and inject trees with 10g metsulfuron-methyl per 1L of water if safe to do so. Drill 18mm holes (tangentially angled downwards) in a spiral up the trunk. For 50mm stems drill one hole. For 100mm stems drill two holes. For larger stems drill holes 150mm apart. Foliar spray seedlings with 5g metsulfuron-methyl per 10L of water and 20ml penetrant.

Safety notes

Large trees must not be ringbarked or drilled that are closer than 1.5 times the height of the tree from paths, walkways and property.

Trees over 4 metres in height should be removed by a qualified arborist.

Caution: When using any herbicide or pesticide please read the label thoroughly to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.

Tree Privet branches covered in flowers.
From China, tree privet has been used as hedging and can be pruned and trimmed as required. Once pollinated flowers form into black fruit which are attractive to birds.
Tree Privet canopy covered in flowers.
A tenacious plant, tree privet can regrow even from a tree stump. Control must involve herbicide to ensure all plant roots are killed.
Photo credit: Holly Cox