Also known as:
Grey she-oak, swamp oak
Regional Pest Management Plan (RPMP) status
- Not a legally declared pest
Tree < 20 m tall. Bark is grey-brown, fissured and scaly. Branches are slender and often weeping. Leaves are minute, scale-like and borne on branchlets. Flowers are brown or red and borne in August – September. Seed pods are cone-like and contain winged seeds.
What you need to know
Although casuarina is not a legally declared pest plant, it may still be invasive in some situations. Consider lower-risk alternatives for your garden, such as native plants.
Coastal areas, wetlands, riparian margins.
Seeds dispersed by wind. Vegetative spread from suckering.
Impact on environment
Can form dense stands, displacing native plants and altering water flow in wetlands. Actinorhizal nitrogen fixer.
Follow up treated areas 3 times per year. Encourage natural regeneration of native plants or replant treated areas where possible after 2-3 treatments to establish dense ground cover and minimise reinvasion.
Method: Dig out.
Plant parts requiring disposal: All parts.
Disposal options: Remove to greenwaste or landfill if practical.
Biocontrol is currently not available for this species.
Community agrichemical control recommendations
No qualifications: Cut stump and paste freshly cut base of stems with metsulfuron gel.
Basic Growsafe certified: Cut stump and spray freshly cut base with 5g metsulfuron-methyl per 1 L of water.
Certified Handler/Experienced agrichemical user: Drill and inject trees with 10g metsulfuron-methyl per 1L of water if safe to do so. Drill 18mm holes (tangentially angled downwards) in a spiral up the trunk.
For 50mm stems drill one hole. For 100mm stems drill two holes. For larger stems drill holes 150mm apart. Foliar spray seedlings with 5g metsulfuron-methyl per 10L of water and 20ml penetrant.
Large trees must not be drilled that are closer than 1.5 times the height of the tree from paths, walkways and property.
Trees over 4 metres in height should be removed by a qualified arborist.
Caution: When using any herbicide or pesticide please read the label thoroughly to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.