Banksia integrifolia

Coast banksia

Also known as:

Coastal banksia

Family: Proteaceae

Origin: Australia

Coast banksia tree with oval leaves.
It has long, narrow leaves which are dark green on the top and silvery and felted underneath.
Photo credit: Jonathan Boow

Regional Pest Management Plan (RPMP) status

  • Whole region — Sustained control
  • Waitākere Ranges Heritage Area priority status
  • Hauraki Gulf Controlled Area Notice pest
  • Parkland with Significant Ecological Areas — Site-led (on-park and buffer)

View more about the RPMP statuses

General description

Large shrub or tree < 15 m tall. Stems are upright with rough bark. Leaves are narrow, elliptic, < 15 x 2.5 cm, toothed when young and entire when mature, with a dark green top and white underside.

Flowers are pale yellow/green and borne in broadly cylindrical, erect inflorescences. Fruiting cone is woody, persistent on tree, has several hard and woody valves and contains black seeds.

What you need to know

To help protect our environment:

  • You must not breed, distribute, release or sell coast banksia within the Auckland region.
  • You must not plant coast banksia within the Auckland region, unless you are transferring an existing plant on your land to another location within the boundaries of the same property.
  • You must destroy any coast banksia on land that you occupy if it has been planted in breach of the above rules and you are directed to do so by an authorised person.

Auckland Council will manage coast banksia in buffer areas of parks where coast banksia is being managed. However, if you wish to help protect your local parkland, you are encouraged to control or remove any coast banksia on your land and plant a better alternative instead.

View a map of park buffers.

To find out more about how we’re protecting Auckland’s parkland from pest plants, visit our pest plant buffer pages.

Habitats

Lowland and coastal sites, roadside banks, dry and open forest, forest margins, pasture, scrubland, wasteland, sandy soils.

Dispersal

Seeds dispersed by wind.

Impact on environment

Shades out existing vegetation and transforms habitat.

Control

Site Management

Follow up treated areas 3 times per year. Encourage natural regeneration of native plants or replant treated areas where possible after 2-3 treatments to establish dense ground cover and minimise reinvasion.

Recommended approaches

Physical control

Method: Dig out.

Plant parts requiring disposal: All parts.

Disposal options: Remove to greenwaste or landfill.

Biocontrol

Biocontrol is currently not available for this species.

Community agrichemical control recommendations

No qualifications: Cut stump and paste freshly cut base of stems with metsulfuron gel.

Basic Growsafe certified: Cut stump and spray freshly cut base with 5g metsulfuron-methyl per 1 L of water.

Certified Handler/Experienced agrichemical user: Drill and inject trees with 10g metsulfuron-methyl per 1L of water if safe to do so. Drill 18mm holes (tangentially angled downwards) in a spiral up the trunk.

For 50mm stems drill one hole. For 100mm stems drill two holes. For larger stems drill holes 150mm apart. Foliar spray seedlings with 5g metsulfuron-methyl per 10L of water and 20ml penetrant.

Safety notes

Large trees must not be drilled that are closer than 1.5 times the height of the tree from paths, walkways and property.

Trees over 4 metres in height should be removed by a qualified arborist.

Caution: When using any herbicide or pesticide please read the label thoroughly to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.

Close up of coast banksia flowers which grow in tall cylindrical cones.
The flowers are cylindrical pale yellow/green.
Photo credit: Jonathan Boow
Close up of coast banksia flower.
The flowers produce nectar that is attract birds such as the tūī.
Photo credit: Jonathan Boow
Plenty of cones hanging on the coast banksia tree.
Hard wooden cones stay on a tree for a long time after flowering.
Photo credit: Jonathan Boow
Close up of a cluster of coast banksia cones.
The flowers develop into hard cones covered with woody valves, each containing a single black seed.
Photo credit: Jackie Miles and Max Campbell
Flower hanging on a coast banksia tree.
Coast banksia is large shrub or small tree to about 15m high.
Photo credit: Jonathan Boow