Arundo donax

Giant reed

Also known as:

Bamboo reed, donax cane, arundo grass, cow cane, river cane, reed grass

Family: Poaceae

Origin: Eurasia

Flowers of a giant reed.
Seed heads are fluffy in appearance and grow at the tops of the stems.
Photo credit: John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy Wildland Invasive Species Team

Regional Pest Management Plan (RPMP) status

  • Aotea — Eradication
  • Parkland with Significant Ecological Areas — Site-led
  • Whole region — Sustained control
  • Waitākere Ranges Heritage Area priority status
  • National Pest Plant Accord Species

View more about the RPMP statuses

General description

Sturdy, perennial, bamboo-like grass. Rhizomes are thick, lumpy and spread in continuous clumps < 1 m thick. Stems are spreading, clumping and < 6 m tall. Leaves are maize-like, sharp-edged, < 60 x 5 cm and opposite. Flowers are borne in large, fluffy, purplish turning to silver inflorescences.

What you need to know

To help protect our environment:

  • You must not breed, distribute, release or sell giant reed. As giant reed is a National Pest Plant Accord species, these restrictions apply within the Auckland region and across the whole of New Zealand.
  • You must not plant giant reed within the Auckland region.
  • You must destroy any giant reed on land that you occupy if it has been planted in breach of the above rules and you are directed to do so by an authorised person.

Auckland Council will control giant reed at all sites within the Aotea/Great Barrier Island group where it is known to occur.

If you see giant reed anywhere on Aotea/Great Barrier Island group, please report it to Auckland Council at pestfree@aucklandcouncil.govt.nz.

Auckland Council will manage giant reed in buffer areas of parks where giant reed is being managed. However, if you wish to help protect your local parkland, you are encouraged to control or remove any giant reed on your land and plant a better alternative instead.

View a map of park buffers.

To find out more about how we’re protecting Auckland’s parkland from pest plants, visit our pest plant buffer pages.

Habitats

Riparian and forest margins, wetlands, saltmarshes, gullies, dunes, roadsides.

Dispersal

Seeds dispersed by wind. Vegetative spread from rhizomes, rhizome fragments and stem layering.

Impact on environment

Forms dense stands and displaces native vegetation. Alters hydrology by blocking water flow. Impedes drainage and exacerbates flooding in agricultural systems.

Control

Site Management

Follow up treated areas 3 times per year. Encourage natural regeneration of native plants or replant treated areas where possible after 2-3 treatments to establish dense ground cover and minimise reinvasion.

Recommended approaches

Do not attempt to undertake control of this species on Aotea/Great Barrier Island group. Please report to Auckland Council if seen on Aotea/Great Barrier Island group.

Physical control

Method: cut stems and dig out rhizomes.

Plant parts requiring disposal: Rhizomes and roots.

Disposal options: Stem cannot be chipped and used as mulch as it can regrow or remove to landfill.

Biocontrol

Check for the presence of agents:

  • Giant reed gall wasp (Tetramesa romana)
  • Giant reed scale insect (Rhizaspidiotus donacis).

For more information about how biocontrol works, see What is biocontrol?

Community agrichemical control recommendations

No qualifications:

For small infestations: Cut stump and paste freshly cut base of stems with double strength glyphosate gel, cut stump and spray freshly cut base of stems with 250ml glyphosate green per 1L of water or cut stump and foliar spray regrowth with 150ml glyphosate green per 10L of water.

Stems can be stacked in piles and foliar sprayed or removed to landfill.

Certified Handler/Experienced agrichemical user:

For large infestations amongst desirable broadleaf species: Cut stump and foliar spray regrowth with 150ml haloxyfop-P-methyl per 10L of water.

For infestations amongst desirable species: Cut stump and very carefully foliar spray regrowth with 150ml glyphosate green per 10L of water avoiding any spraying on desirable species foliage.

Stems can be stacked in piles and foliar sprayed or removed to landfill.

Caution: When using any herbicide or pesticide please read the label thoroughly to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.

Tall stalks of giant reed.
Giant reed is fast-growing and can out-compete native plants.
Photo credit: Forest and Kim Starr
Close up of the flowers of the giant reed.
Giant reed is a bamboo-like grass that can grow to 6 m in height.
Photo credit: Barry A. Rice, The Nature Conservancy Wildland Invasive Species Team